T'ai Chi Ch'uan Sword Techniques
Taijiquan Sword (Jian) and Broadsword (Dao) Techniques
Offensive and Defensive Sword and Broadsword Techniques
Chinese Swordsmanship Methods, 13 Sword Techniques



     List and Explanation of Straight Double-Edged Sword (Jian, Chien, Gim) Techniques

List and Explanation of Curved Single-Edged Broadsword (Dao) Techniques

     Bibliography      Links     Resources     Quotations
    
Yang Style 55 Sword     Chen Style 49 Sword     Standard 32 Sword     Wudang Sword     Sun Style Sword

               Broadsword (Dao) Saber     Chen 23 Broadsword

 

Research by
Michael P. Garofalo

January 1, 2008

 

 

Disclaimer

Warning:  Practicing with Sword Weapons Can Be a Dangerous Activity for Adults.  Please Use Caution!

 

 

 

 

List and Explanation of Sword Techniques
T'ai Chi Ch'uan Straight Sword (Jian, Gim, Chien)

 

Taijiquan Straight Double-Edged Sword (Jian, Gim, Chien, Jen) Techniques
Taiji Jian Techniques or Energies

Research by Michael P. Garofalo     
Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Red Bluff, California
Green Way Research
January, 2008

"Over all the centuries of its development, many sword techniques were created.  Often, due to lack of communication and secrecy, confusion in terminology is common today.  Often, the same basic technique has several different names, given by different styles.  Occasionally, even techniques with the same name can be slightly or very much different from each other.  Therefore, when you start learning these key techniques, you should not be confused and restrict you mind in the areas of terminology and narrow technical meanings.  Cast your mind widely, and absorb as much information as possible."
-  Yang Jwing-Ming, Taiji Sword, Classical Yang Style, 1999, p. 53. 
Dr. Yang carefully describes 30 sword techniques and uses many numbered photographs to illustrate these 30 techniques.     
 

 

1. 
 
  




 
Ji

  



 
Strike, hit, break attack, beat, stroke
Strike (Chi)
Strike: 
罢工    罷工 
Beat: 
敲打    敲打 
Stroke: 
冲程    衝程 
  Ji1   Strike, hit, break, attack, beat, counter attack, hit hard, beat back, repel

  
2. 
  
  



 

 

 



 

Stab
Ci

  


 


 


 

Stab, Thrust, Pierce, Thrusting, Prick, Prod
Thrusting with two hands on sword hilt
Thrust, Pierce (Tz'u)
Pierce: 
皮尔斯    皮爾斯 
Thrust: 
推力    推力
  Ci4 or Qi4  stab, pierce, thorn, sting, irritate, prick, thrust, assassinate, murder
The technique Ci is to thrust forward with the tip of the sword to stab the opponent.  The blade is held in a vertical or horizontal position when you thrust forward to stab.  The right arm and blade are held in one straight line at the end of the stab.  In Taiji sword one normally steps forward into a bow or twisted step stance when one thrusts the sword forward to stab.  A thrust forward to stab is a precise, direct, to the point, tip of the sword strike.
  

 

3.  
  
  







 
Ge

  






 
Cut off, Divide, Block Off, Sever, Obstruct, Quarter, Scroll, Blocking
Block (Ke)
Obstruct: 
阻碍    阻礙 
Block: 
     
ch ke  pull; obstruct; hinder; draw
割傷   割伤   shāng   slash  
   Ke4   Carve, cut into quarters, carve up, divide up, chop
    Ge1   Cut off, break up, cut up, divide, sever, slash, divide, partition, cede

 
4.
   
  



 
Xi



  
  
Brush Off, Sweep Away, Clean Off, Wash, Shuttling, Catching
Liao (Swing, Flicking, Twirling), Shao or Sao3 (Sweeping)  
Catch: 
抓住    抓住
   Xi3   To wash, to clean off, to purge, to brush off 
   Sao3   To sweep away, to clean, to brush off, to whisk away 
  
 
5. 
  
   






 
Chou

  





 
Pull Out, Pulling, Cutting Out, Cutting, Whip, Slash Across or Out, Extract, Cut Out
Pull or drag from one side to the other  
Cut: 
裁减    裁減 
Cutting: 
切口    切口
Slash: 
深砍    深砍
Pull: 
拉扯  拉扯 
抽    Chou1    To extract, to pull out, to draw out, to cut out, to pump out, sprout
  
 
6.  
  






 
Dai  






 
Deflect, Carry, Leading, Deflecting, Slicing (Che), Lead, Carrying
T'ai: Take along (skim) from one side to the other
Deflect: 
偏转    偏轉 
Carry: 
运载    運載
帶    带     di     band; belt; girdle; ribbon; area; zone; region; wear; carry; lead; bring
带   Dai4   To lead, to carry, to bring, to raise, to circle


 

7.  
  



 
Ti  
 


 
Upwards Stroke, Lifting Up, Lift, To Carry Up  
Lift: 
推力    推力 
提高   t gāo    raise; increase 
提    Ti2  Dai2   To carry, to lift, to put forward, upwards character stroke, lifting (brush stroke in painting)

  
 
8.  
  






 
Dian  
  





 
Point, Dot, Spot, Poke
Direct (Tien)   
Point: 
点    點 
Dot:  小点    小點 
點 点  diǎn  (downwards-right convex character stroke); o'clock; (a measure word); point; dot; (decimal) point)
点    Dian2    Dot, point, speck, spot, degree, dotting character stroke. 


 

9. 
   
  

  
 
Peng


  

Burst Forth, Split Open, Tipping, Gush Out, Burst, Wardoff 
Tiao (Spring), Beng (Explode)
Snap, Burst  
  Beng4  Peng1  Pen   Gush Out, Burst Forth, Split Open 
  
 
10.  
  




 

 

 


 

Split
Pi  
  
 

Chop
Kan



 

Split, Hack, Chop, Split Open, Chopping, Cut Apart, Split, Splitting 
Chop: 
     
Split: 
分裂    分裂
   Pi1  Pi3  Pek   hack; chop; split open
The technique Split (
) is to hold the sword above the head and then to draw the blade down to cut.  This is to chop downward from the top: vertical downward chopping.  The sword blade is held in a vertical position.  Imagine taking a two handed axe and splitting the piece of wood in two: up and down, up and down.  In Taiji sword one usually steps forward into a bow stance as they use the Split () technique.  
This technique is also sometimes called Kan (Kan3,
) : to hack, chop, cut, fell.  The technique Kan is to chop downward but to chop sideways a bit more and with the blade angled more.  Imagine felling a tree, cutting into its side, up and down at an angle.    

 
11.  
  
 


 





 


 

 

Intercept
Jie 
  








 

 

 

Intercept, Cut Off, Stop, Obstruct, Cutting, Intercept, Intercepting a Downward Cut
Intercept and Attack  
Intercept: 
截住    截住
Intercepting: 
拦截    攔截
Cutting: 
切口    切口
  Cut, Mince, Slice, Carve   Qie, Chai, Cai  Chieh 
攔截   拦截    ln ji   intercept     
   Lan2  Obstruct, impede, bar, hinder
    Jie2   Cut off, stop, obstruct, intercept 
The technique Jie is to quickly attack the opponent's wrist as he stabs (Ci) towards you.   You can tuck or squat down, or rise up high, or spin to the side to avoid the opponent's stab, as you respond by using the sharp end of the sword to attack the opponent's wrist from the top down, bottom up, right side or left side, from the outside or inside.   


 
12.  
   
 

   
 
Jiao


   
 
Stir, Stirring, Mix, Disturb, Agitate
Stir, Move (Chiao)
Stir: 
搅动    攪動
  Jiao3  Chiao   Stir, To Annoy, To Mix, To Disturb, To Agitate  
    
 
13.  
  





 
Ya  





 
Press, Pressing, Press Down, Push Down, Crush, Pressure  
Press: 
新闻    新聞  
Press Down: 
按得下来    按得下來 
Pressing: 
     
壓力    压力   l     pressure
   Ya1   Press, push down, to keep under control, oppress, crush, pressure 
  
 
                 

References Sources for Taijiquan Sword (Jian) Techniques:



Kobaysahi, Petra.  Classical Tai Chi Sword.  Charles E. Tuttle, 2003.   176 pages.  ISBN: 0804834482.  The 13 Sword Techniques are explained on pages 30-40.  He adds one called "Clear and Resolve (Hsi)" which utilizes sticking energy. 

Lim, Peter.  Taiji Sword  

Masich, Sam.  Way of the Tai Chi Sword

Rodell, Scott.   Chinese Swordsmanship: The Yang Family Taiji Jian Traditions.  By Scott M. Rodell.  Annandale, Virginia, Seven Stars Books and Video, 2003, pp. 51-64.  

Xiao J. Li.  "T'ai Chi Symbol and Sword Postures," Tai Chi, October 2000.  

Yang, Jwing-Ming.  Taiji Sword, Classical Yang Style: The Complete Form, Qigong and Applications.  Boston, Mass., YMAA Publications, 1999.  Index, glossary, list of form postures, 205 pages.  ISBN: 1886969744.  The basic sword techniques are described in Section 2.5, Key Words and Techniques, pp. 52-79.  Dr. Yang carefully describes 30 sword techniques and uses many numbered photographs to illustrate these 30 techniques.   1. Split (Pi ) or Chop (Kan ).  2.  Stab (Ci ).  3.  Shake (Yao) or Sway (Pao).  4.  Sweep (Sao).  5.  Intercept (Jie ).     

13 Taijijian Techniques (13 Tai Chi Sword Techniques).  Research by Michael P. Garofalo.  Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California, 2008.  1.  Ji  击  Strike, hit, break attack, beat, stroke.  2.  Ci  刺   Stab, thrust, pierce, sting, prick.  Ge  割   Cut off, Divide, Block Off, Sever, Quarter, Obstruct, Scroll, Blocking.  4.  Xi  洗  Brush Off, Sweep Away, Wash Off, Clean Off.  5.  Chou  抽  Pull Out, Cut Out, Extract.  6. Dai  带   Deflect, Carry, Leading, Deflecting, Slicing, Lead.  7.  Ti  提  Upwards Stroke, Lifting Up, Lift, To Carry Up.  8.  Dian  点  Point, Dot, Spot, Poke.  9.  Peng  迸   Burst Forth, Split Open, Tipping, Gush Out, Burst, Wardoff.   10.  Pi    or Kan   Split, Hack, Chop, Open, Chopping, Cut Apart, Splitting.  11.  Jie  截   Intercept, Cut Off, Stop, Obstruct, Cutting.  12.  Jiao    Stir, Stirring, Mix, Disturb, Agitate.  13.  Ya  搅  Press, Pressing, Press Down, Push Down, Crush, Pressure. 

18 Energies/Techniques of Taij Jian.  Xin Qi Shen Dojo.  Yang Taiji Sword.  1.  Pi  Splitting.  2.  Kan  Chop.  3.  Xiao  Slice.  4.  Ce  Thrust.  5.  Beng Snapping.  6.  Lan  Deflect.  7.  Chan  Spiral, bind.  8.  Jien  Cut, sizzors.  9.  Jiea  Block, intercept.  10.  Liao  Stir Up.  11.  Mo  Smear.  12.  Tiao  Flick.  13.  Pian  Slice.  14.  Gua  Parry.  15.  Ti  Raise.  16.  Sao  Sweep.  17.  Dai  Carry.  18.  Bi  Close. 

"The thirteen techniques of Taijiquan broadsword (Dao) are cutting (kan), mincing (duo), rowing (hua), poking (jie), scraping (gua), flicking (liao), stabbing (zha), chopping (pi), fanning (san), blocking (fan), sliding (wan), twirling (liao), and slicing (che)."
David Brent Wolfe's Dictionary 

Broadsword Techniques:  Taijiquan Broadsword (Saber, Ox Tail Broadsword, Dao)   Chen Taijiquan Dao, Yang Taijiquan Dao, Wushu Competition Dao

 


 

 

Return to the Main Index on this Webpage

 

 

 

List and Explanation of Broadsword Techniques
T'ai Chi Ch'uan Broadsword (Dao, Dan Dao)

 

Taijiquan Curved Single-Edged Broadsword (Dao) Techniques
Chen Taijiquan, Yang Taijiquan, Wushu Competition

Research by Michael P. Garofalo     
Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Red Bluff, California
Green Way Research
January, 2008

 

1.

 



 

 

 

Slice

Che


 

 

 

Slicing, cutting, mincing, to carve.
  Cut, Mince, Slice, Carve   Che,  Qie1,  Chai3,  Cai,  Chieh,  Ch'an 
Ch'an:  Slicing.  Che.  Drag the sword across the opponents body.
With the right hand holding the weapon, slice the blade edge horizontally across before drawing the weapon close to your body.
Cutting the weapon from the back of your body to either the front or upwards. It could also be done by moving the weapon from the left to the right or upwards.

 

 

2

 



 

 

 

 

 

Chop

Kan

 


 

 

 

 

Chopping, hacking, cutting, to fell, to hew, to decapitate, to behead.
  Chop  Kan2,  Ham2
K'an
:  Chopping.  Hacking.  Slash with the tip of the sword by extending the wrist.

Split, Hack, Chop, Split Open, Chopping, Cut Apart, Split, Splitting 
Chop: 
     
Split: 
分裂    分裂

Typically a chop is a swing of the sword from one side of the body, from shoulder height to shoulder height.  A straight chop is a swing from the right side to the left side ending in a bow stance, arm at the side, palm up..  A reverse chop is a swing from the left side to the right side, ending with a bow stance, with free arm pointed at shoulder height, palm down. 
 

 

3.

 


 

 

 

Block

Lan

 

 

 

Blocking, to cut off, to hinder, to stop, to bar the way, to obstruct, to impede, to hinder, obstructing.
    Lan2,  Laan4,  Fan,  lan2 jie2 lan2 zhu4
 Lan: Obstructing.  To block with the sword.
A defensive technique: with the tip of the blade facing down, use the edge to block an incoming weapon.
D
eflecting with the rear side of the broadsword


 

 

4 
  
 


 








 
Intercept 
  
Jie










 
Intercept, Cut Off, Stop, Obstruct, Cutting, Intercept, Intercepting a Downward Cut
Intercept and Attack  
Intercept: 
截住    截住
Intercepting: 
拦截    攔截
Cutting: 
切口    切口
  Cut, Mince, Slice, Carve   Qie, Chai, Cai  Chieh 
攔截   拦截    ln ji   intercept     
   Lan2  Obstruct, impede, bar, hinder
    Jie2   Cut off, stop, obstruct, intercept 
Interceptiing: Blocking with the edge. The edge is moved diagonally across to do the blocking.

J
ie:  Blocking with the edge.


 
5.

 



 

 

 

Hack

Pi


 

 

 

   Pi1   Pi3   Pek   "Can"  hack; chop; split open. 
Chopping towards the left or right in a downwards manner.
To attack while holding the wrist flexed. 

Typically, the sword is swung from about chest height downward from one side of body to opposite side.  The swing is wide and downward.  The empty hand ends up resting on the forearm of the hand holding the sword.  Think of swinging a had axe into the side of a small tree to cut it down - multiple strikes or hacks required to fell the small tree.  Gaze downward along the hacking sword.  The body and legs move from a standing position into a bow stance. 


 

6

 

 

 

 



 

 

Stab

Ci


Zha




 

 

Stab, pricking, thrust, thrusting, to pierce, to stab, to prick, to prod, to poke
Thrust, Pierce (Tz'u)
Pierce: 
皮尔斯    皮爾斯 
Thrust: 
推力    推力
Stab: 
  Ci4
  Ci4,  Qi4,  Chi3, Sik4,  "Sue"   thorn; sting; prick; pierce; stab; thrust; assassinate; murder
  Zha1    To prick, to run a stick into, run a needle into.  
Typically, the sword is thrust forward, with one hand, sharp blade facing down, fingers of left hand touching the right hand, in a bow stance.  The gaze and force of the thrust (stab, prick, poke) are directed to the tip of the sword.  The whole arm and the broadsword will form a straight line.
In Chen Taijiquan this kind of stab or thrust is often accompanied by a shaking motion the sword as muscular enegry (Jing) and the flow of Qi energy is sent into the end of the sword. 


 
7.
   
  





 
Sweep

Xi



  
  
 
Brush Off, Sweep Away, Clean Off, Wash, Shuttling, Catching
Liao (Swing, Flicking, Twirling), Shao or Sao3 (Sweeping)  
Catch: 
抓住    抓住
   Xi3   To wash, to clean off, to purge, to brush off 
   Sao3   To sweep away, to clean, to brush off, to whisk away 
While the tip is facing down, flick it upwards. The force is focused on the tip.
  
 

 

8.

 

 

 

Mince

Duo


 

Mincing, chopping, chop by pounding, hash, chop meat. 
   Duo4,  Do2,  Duek3
To
: Cutting.  Duo.  Mincing, to attack the wrist with a slicing motion.
剁碎   Duo4,  Sui4  Mince, break up, broken, chop by pounding. 


 

9. 

 


 

Poke

Chou

 

Poking, pricking, to pierce, to stab, to puncture, to punch through, to stamp, to stab.
   Chou1, chuo1 po4,  cheuk3 



 

10. 
 
  




 
Ji

  



 

 

Strike, hit, break attack, beat, stroke
Strike (Chi)
Strike: 
罢工    罷工 
Beat: 
敲打    敲打 
Stroke: 
冲程    衝程 
  Ji1   Strike, hit, break, attack, beat, counter attack, hit hard, beat back, repel

  

 

11.  
  
  





 
Ge

  







 
Cut off, Divide, Block Off, Sever, Obstruct, Quarter, Scroll, Blocking
Block (Ke)
Obstruct: 
阻碍    阻礙 
Block: 
     
ch ke  pull; obstruct; hinder; draw
割傷   割伤   shāng   slash  
   Ke4   Carve, cut into quarters, carve up, divide up, chop
    Ge1   Cut off, break up, cut up, divide, sever, slash, divide, partition, cede
 

 

12. 
  
   




 
Chou

  






 
Pull Out, Pulling, Cutting Out, Cutting, Whip, Slash Across or Out, Extract, Cut Out
Pull or drag from one side to the other  
Cut: 
裁减    裁減 
Cutting: 
切口    切口
Slash: 
深砍    深砍
Pull: 
拉扯  拉扯 
抽    Chou1    To extract, to pull out, to draw out, to cut out, to pump out, sprout
  

 
13.  
  




 
Dai  






 
Deflect, Carry, Leading, Deflecting, Slicing (Che), Lead, Carrying
T'ai: Take along (skim) from one side to the other
Deflect: 
偏转    偏轉 
Carry: 
运载    運載
帶    带     di     band; belt; girdle; ribbon; area; zone; region; wear; carry; lead; bring
带   Dai4   To lead, to carry, to bring, to raise, to circle
Deflection:  This is done in a circular movement with the blade edge moving from a low position to a high position.
 
14.  
  



 
Ti  
 




 
Upwards Stroke, Lifting Up, Lift, To Carry Up  
Lift: 
推力    推力 
提高   t gāo    raise; increase 
提    Ti2  Dai2   To carry, to lift, to put forward, upwards character stroke, lifting (brush stroke in painting)

  
 
15.  
  






 
Dian  
  





 
Point, Dot, Spot, Poke
Direct (Tien)   
Point: 
点    點 
Dot:  小点    小點 
點 点  diǎn  (downwards-right convex character stroke); o'clock; (a measure word); point; dot; (decimal) point)
点    Dian2    Dot, point, speck, spot, degree, dotting character stroke. 


 

16. 
   
  

  
 
Peng


  

Burst Forth, Split Open, Tipping, Gush Out, Burst, Wardoff 
Tiao (Spring), Beng (Explode)
Snap, Burst  
  Beng4  Peng1  Pen   Gush Out, Burst Forth, Split Open 
  
 
17.  
   
 

   
 
Jiao


   
 
Stir, Stirring, Mix, Disturb, Agitate
Stir, Move (Chiao)
Stir: 
搅动    攪動
  Jiao3  Chiao   Stir, To Annoy, To Mix, To Disturb, To Agitate  
    
 
18.  
  





 
Ya  





 
Press, Pressing, Press Down, Push Down, Crush, Pressure  
Press: 
新闻    新聞  
Press Down: 
按得下来    按得下來 
Pressing: 
     
壓力    压力   l     pressure
   Ya1   Press, push down, to keep under control, oppress, crush, pressure 
  
 
     

 

References Sources for the T'ai Chi Ch'uan and Wushu Broadsword (Dao) Techniques:

 

"The Chen-style Taiji Single Broadsword routine is short and refined, the usages of the forms are clear.  There are thirteen kinds of slicing, hacking, blocking, cutting, pricking, rolling, closing, scooping, cross-cutting, twisting, shaking, supporting, and tilting.  They really reflect the characteristics of the Chen-style Taiji Single Broadsword, combining hardness and softness in harmony, equaling stress the quickness and slowness, dodging and transfers, relaxing and nimble, springing and shaking, sticking to each other without being separated, twine to neutralize the force."
-   Chen Zhenglei, Chen Style Taijiquan, Sword and Broadsword, 2003, p. 322 


"When performing the broadsword routine, the practitioner alternates between the body leading the broadsword and the broadsword leading the body.  Techniques must be precise, clearly fulfilling the application requirements.  Traditionally, the weapon has thirteen different techniques attributed to it:  gun (parrying by turning to the left);  bi (parrying by closing to the right);  zha (thrust);  lan (deflecting with the rear side of the broadsword);  pi (chopping vertically);  kan (cutting);  liao (circular deflection with point facing upwards);  jie (blocking with the edge);  chan (circular twisting);  dou (shaking);  jia (raising opponent's weapon overhead);  mo (slicing either levelly or diagonally upwards); and tiao (upward flicking motion using the top of the weapon)."
-   Davidine Siaw-Voon Sim and David Gaffney, Chen Style Taijiquan, 2002, p. 179. 


"The thirteen techniques of Taijiquan broadsword (dao) are slicing (che), chopping (kan), blocking (lan), mincing (duo), poking (jie), chopping (pi),  flicking (liao), rowing (hua), scraping (gua), stabbing (zha), fanning (san), sliding (wan), twirling (liao)."
David Brent Wolfe's Dictionary 


"Sword Techniques:  1. Concealing, Level Concealing, Upright Concealing, Round the Middle Concealing.  2.  Entwining the Head.  3.  Binding the Head.  4.  Wrist Flourish, Wrist Shearing Flourish, Wrist Sweeping Flourish, Upright Rear Flourish.  5.  Slice.  6.  Hack.  7.  Stab.  8.  Cut.  9.  Sweep Thrust, Straight Sweep Thrust, Reverse Sweep Thrust.  10.  Side press, Right Side Press, Left Side Press.  11.  Chop, Straight Chop, Reverse Chop.  12.  Sweep.  13.  Wave.  14.  Swipe.  15.  Press.  16.  Vertical Slash.  17.  Upward Thrust.  18.  Jab.  19.  Push, Vertical Push, Horizontal Push.  20.  Back Rest, Rear Back Rest,  Shoulder Back Rest.  21.  Parry.  22.  Side Parry.  23.  Embracing."
-  Xie Zhikui, Chinese Single Broadsword, 1990, p. 53. 


"1.  Chopping.  Kan.  Hacking.  Slash with the tip of the sword by extending the wrist.  2.  To.  Mincing, Cutting.  Duo.  To attack the wrist with a slicing motion.   3.  Chan.  Slicing.  Che.  Drag the sword across the opponents body.  4.  Chieh: Intercepting.   Poking.  Poking.   To meet and attack with an attack.  5.  Kua: Parrying.  Deflecting the incoming thrust.  6.  Liao: Stirring Up.  Washing.  Sweeping or flicking off.  Drop the sword point and carry the sword in a vertical cylinder around the body.  7.  Cha: Piercing.  Stabbing, thrusting, jabbing with the tip of the sword.  8.  Lu: Clawing.  Scraping: Luo.  Strike in a manner to pull.  9.  Splitting.  Pi.  To attack while holding the wrist flexed.   10.  Ch'an: Binding.  Juan: Wrapping.  Chan: wrap, coil, wind around, bind up.   11.  Shan: Fanning.  Tan: to open or spread out, uppercut slash.  12.  Lan.  Blocking, Obstructing.  To block with the sword.   13.  Hua: Shaving.  Press the inverted blade forward, left hand in support." 
Tai Chi 13 Broadsword Techniques.  Dark Stream School. 


Yang Style Broadsword Swordplay includes the following Thirteen Techniques:  Splitting (Pi), Chopping (Kan), Snapping (Beng), Blocking (Lan), 
Spiralling (Chan), Vibrating or Shaking (Dao), Cutting or Sissoring (Jian), Waving Like Clouds (Yun Shou), Blocking or Intercepting (Jie),
Smearing or Diffusing (Mo), Stabbing (Cha), Flicking (Tiao).  


"Tai Chi Saber techniques include chop, split, cut, intercept, uppercut, downward cut, thrust, winding, blocking, withdrawing, sliding, slicing, and peeling."  In the form one movement has many techniques and it is very difficult to distinguish each one in the movement. Follow the intent of the saber skill, saber technique, and saber movement. Practice the 13 techniques."
Master Yang Zhen Duo, Yang-style Broadsword


13 Taijijian Techniques (13 Tai Chi Sword (Jian) Techniques).  Research by Miichael P. Garofalo.  Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California, 2008.  1.  Ji  击
  Strike, hit, break attack, beat, stroke.  2.  Ci  刺   Trust, pierce, sting, prick, stab.  Ge  割   Cut off, Divide, Block Off, Sever, Quarter, Obstruct, Scroll, Blocking.  4.  Xi  洗  Brush Off, Sweep Away, Wash Off, Clean Off.  5.  Chou  抽  Pull Out, Cut Out, Extract.  6. Dai  带   Deflect, Carry, Leading, Deflecting, Slicing, Lead.  7.  Ti  提  Upwards Stroke, Lifting Up, Lift, To Carry Up.  8.  Dian  点  Point, Dot, Spot, Poke.  9.  Peng  迸   Burst Forth, Split Open, Tipping, Gush Out, Burst, Wardoff.   10.  Pi    Split, Hack, Chop, Split Open, Chopping, Cut Apart, Split, Splitting.  11.  Jie  截   Intercept, Cut Off, Stop, Obstruct, Cutting.  12.  Jiao    Stir, Stirring, Mix, Disturb, Agitate.  13.  Ya  搅  Press, Pressing, Press Down, Push Down, Crush, Pressure. 


18 Energies/Techniques of Taij Jian.  Xin Qi Shen Dojo.  Yang Taiji Sword.  1.  Pi  Splitting.  2.  Kan  Chop.  3.  Xiao  Slice.  4.  Ce  Thrust.  5.  Beng Snapping.  6.  Lan  Deflect.  7.  Chan  Spiral, bind.  8.  Jien  Cut, sizzors.  9.  Jiea  Block, intercept.  10.  Liao  Stir Up.  11.  Mo  Smear.  12.  Tiao  Flick.  13.  Pian  Slice.  14.  Gua  Parry.  15.  Ti  Raise.  16.  Sao  Sweep.  17.  Dai  Carry.  18.  Bi  Close. 


"Laojia Chen style Taijiquan features one major broad sword (knife) form, consisting of 23 postures. The 13 techniques found in the form include chopping, chopping with the back, crossing, cutting, dodging, flicking, hanging, intercepting, lifting, piercing, splitting, sweeping, and ward-off.  It stresses the coordination of hands, eyes, body and footwork.  Originally, the form comprised of 13 postures, and was expanded to 23 by the noted Master Chen Zhao Pei in the 1930s."
Chen Family Taiji Broadsword   


Sword Techniques for the Taijiquan Broadsword (Dao, Saber, Ox Tail Saber).  Research by Michael P. Garofalo.  Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California, 2008.   Sword techniques for Chen Taijiquan Dao, Yang Taijiquan Dao, and Wushu Competition Dao
1.  Slice (
Che,  Qie1).  2.  Chop (Kan, Kan2).  3.  Block (Lan, Lan2).  4.  Intercept (Lan, ln ji).  5.  Hack (Pi, Pi1).  6.  Stab (Ci4,  Zha1, Qi4,  Chi3)


 

 

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Bibliography, Links, Resources
T'ai Chi Ch'uan Sword  and Broadsword Techniques
Taijiquan Straight Double-Edged Sword (Jian, Gim, Chien, Jen) Techniques
Taijiquan Curved Single-Edged Broadsword (Dao) Techniques

Offensive and Defensive Techniques

 

The Art of Chinese Swordmanship: The Manual of Taiji Jian.  By Yun Zhang.  New York, Weatherhill, 1998.  287 pages.  ISBN: 0834804123. 


Broadsword (Dao, Saber, Ox Tail Broadsword) and Taijiquan   Bibliography, links, resources, techniques, styles, quotes, notes.


Broadsword (Dao, Saber): Chen Taijiquan Style.  23 Form.  Bibliography, Links, Lists, Instructions, Resources, Quotations, Online Videos


Broadsword (Saber, Dao, Ox Tail Broadsword):  Sword Techniques


Broadsword (Dao, Saber): Yang Taijiquan Style.  Bibliography, Links, Lists, Instructions, Resources, Quotations, Online Videos 


Chen Style Taijiquan:  Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes 


Chen Style Taijiquan 23 Broadsword (Dao, Saber): Bibliography, Links, Lists, Instructions, Resources, Quotations, Online Videos


Chen Style Taijiquan Sword Form.  Research by Mike Garofalo.   Bibliography, links, list of movements, quotes, notes, resources.  Analysis of the the 49 movement Chen Tai Chi sword form.  


Chinese Swordsmanship: The Yang Family Taiji Jian Traditions.  By Scott M. Rodell.  Annandale, Virginia, Seven Stars Books and Video, 2003.  304 pages.   Introduction, sword traditions,  history, safety, Yang classical form and Michuan Taiji fighting system.   Review   ISBN: 0974399906.   VSCL.  The Michuan Jian form is meticulously described and photographed and applications shown on pages 73-184, and the Public Yang Jian is likewise described on pages 185-257.  Applications and swordplay with partners are covered.  The basic Jian cuts are explained on pages 41-64.  VSCL. 


Classical Tai Chi Sword.  By Petra Kobayashi, Toyo Kobayashi, and Chiang Tao Chi.  Charles E. Tuttle, 2003.   176 pages.  ISBN: 0804834482.  The 13 Sword Techniques are explained on pages 30-40.  He adds one called "Clear and Resolve (Hsi)" which utilizes sticking energy. 


Classical Tai Chi Sword: Bibliography, Links, Resources, Quotes, Lists, Instructions 


Classical Tai Chi Sword, List of Movements, Yang Style, 55 Movements, Valley Spirit Taijiquan List,.Detailed, 34 pages  


Classical Tai Chi Sword, List of Movements, Yang Style, 55 Movements, Valley Spirit Taijiquan List, Simple List, 2 pages  


Classical Tai Chi Chuan Sword, Taijiquan Jian 55 in the Yang Style: Comparison of Names or Descriptions for the 55 Movements.  Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California, January 2008.  By Michael P. Garofalo.  This document includes a detailed listing of the names or brief descriptions of the 55 movements of the Classical Taijiquan Straight Sword Form in the Yang Style of Taijiquan.  This document includes names or brief descriptions for each movement in English, Romanized Chinese (Pinyin and/or Wade Giles), Chinese characters, Spanish, French, German, and Japanese.  The document includes source citations and a bibliography.  In PDF format, print only, 262Kb, 34 pages:
Webpage: http://www.egreenway.com/taichichuan/Classical Taijiquan Yang Sword Form 55 List Detailed.pdf 


Classical Yang Style Taijiquan Sword Form, 55 Movements: Bibliography, Links, Media, Resources, Quotations, List of Movements.  By Michael P. Garofalo, Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California.  November 2007.  


Cloud Hands Blog: Taijiquan and Qigong    


Cloud Hands Blog: Swordplay Posts


Cloud Hands Website  


Dao (Saber, Broadsword) and Taijiquan   Bibliography, links, resources, quotes, notes.


David Brent Wolfe's Dictionary  "The thirteen techniques of Taijiquan broadsword (Dao) are cutting (kan), mincing (duo), rowing (hua), poking (jie), scraping (gua), flicking (liao), stabbing (zha), chopping (pi), fanning (san), blocking (fan), sliding (wan), twirling (liao), and slicing (che)."


Eighteen Energies/Techniques of Taij Jian.  Xin Qi Shen Dojo.  Yang Taiji Sword.  1.  Pi  Splitting.  2.  Kan  Chop.  3.  Xiao  Slice.  4.  Ce  Thrust.  5.  Beng Snapping.  6.  Lan  Deflect.  7.  Chan  Spiral, bind.  8.  Jien  Cut, sizzors.  9.  Jiea  Block, intercept.  10.  Liao  Stir Up.  11.  Mo  Smear.  12.  Tiao  Flick.  13.  Pian  Slice.  14.  Gua  Parry.  15.  Ti  Raise.  16.  Sao  Sweep.  17.  Dai  Carry.  18.  Bi  Close. 


Falchion (Dao, Saber) and Taijiquan   Bibliography, links, resources, quotes, notes.


Elementary Swordplay and Broadsword Play.  By Victor Wu.  Part of the Chinese Kung Fu Series.  Hai Feng Pub. Co., 1984.  135 pages.  ISBN: 9622380263. 


"How to Hold the T'ai Chi Sword."    By Paul Lam and Kam Lau Fung.  T'ai Chi, Vol 23, No. 3, June 1999, pp. 38-41.


Jian, Jen, Chien, Taiji Sword, Chinese Swordplay: Links, Bibliography, Resources 


Orthodox Simplified Taijiquan Sword Form, 32 Movements: Biography, Links, Media, Resources, List of Movements, Explanation and Analysis of all 32 movements with illustrations.  By Michael P. Garofalo, Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California.  November 2007.  


Saber (Broadsword, Dao) and Taijiquan   Bibliography, links, resources, quotes, notes. 


Staff Weapons: Jo, Bo, Cane.   Links, bibliography, quotes, notes.  


Standard Orthodox 32 Sword Form:  Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes


Subject Index to the Cloud Hands Website 


Sword - T'ai Chi Ch'uan, 32 Form, Yang Style, Taijiquan Jian.  By Michael P. Garofalo.  This popular webpage includes a comprehensive bibliography, scores of links to webpages, an extensive listing of the names and name variations for each movement (English and Chinese), a detailed analysis of each posture and movement sequence with explanations and numbered illustrations, instructions, selected quotations, a comprehensive media bibliography, and a comparison of the 32 and 55 sword forms in the Yang style.   Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California, January 2008. 


Sword Techniques:  Taijiquan Broadsword (Saber, Ox Tail Broadsword, Dao)   Chen Taijiquan Dao, Yang Taijiquan Dao, Wushu Competition Dao


T'ai Chi Symbol and Sword Postures.   By Xiao J. Li: Tai Chi International Magazine, October 2000. 


Taijiquan Sword (Jian) Techniques.  Research by Miichael P. Garofalo.  Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California, 2008.  1.  Ji  击  Strike, hit, break attack, beat, stroke.  2.  Ci  刺   Stab, thrust, pierce, sting, prick.  Ge  割   Cut off, Divide, Block Off, Sever, Quarter, Obstruct, Scroll, Blocking.  4.  Xi  洗  Brush Off, Sweep Away, Wash Off, Clean Off.  5.  Chou  抽  Pull Out, Cut Out, Extract.  6. Dai  带   Deflect, Carry, Leading, Deflecting, Slicing, Lead.  7.  Ti  提  Upwards Stroke, Lifting Up, Lift, To Carry Up.  8.  Dian  点  Point, Dot, Spot, Poke.  9.  Peng  迸   Burst Forth, Split Open, Tipping, Gush Out, Burst, Wardoff.   10.  Pi    or Kan   Split, Hack, Chop, Open, Chopping, Cut Apart, Splitting.  11.  Jie  截   Intercept, Cut Off, Stop, Obstruct, Cutting.  12.  Jiao    Stir, Stirring, Mix, Disturb, Agitate.  13.  Ya  搅  Press, Pressing, Press Down, Push Down, Crush, Pressure. 


Taiji Sword   By Peter Lim. 


Taiji Sword and Other Writings .  By Chen, Wei-Ming.  Translated by Barbara Davis.  Berkeley, California, North  Atlantic Books, 2000.  Bibliography, 93 pages.  ISBN: 1556433336.  


Taiji Sword, Classical Yang Style: The Complete Form, Qigong and Applications.  By Yang, Jwing-Ming.  Boston, Mass., YMAA Publications, 1999.  Index, glossary, list of form postures, 205 pages.  ISBN: 1886969744.  The basic sword techniques are described in Section 2.5, Key Words and Techniques, pp. 52-79.  Dr. Yang carefully describes 30 sword techniques and uses many numbered photographs to illustrate these 30 techniques.  


Techniques - Broadsword


Techniques - Sword


32 Tai Chi Sword Form, Standard Orothodox Form:  Bibliography, Links, Instructions, Lists


Way of the Tai Chi Sword.   By Sam Masich. 


Wu Dang Sword:  Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Resources, Notes, Lessons   


Valley Spirit Center Taijiquan, Red Bluff, California.  Michael P. Garofalo, Instructor. 


VSCL: Valley Spirit Center Library 


Yang Style Tai Chi Sword, Classical, List of Movements, 55 Movements  
Classical Tai Chi Chuan Sword, Taijiquan Jian 55 in the Yang Style: Comparison of Names or Descriptions for the 55 Movements.  Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California, January 2008.  By Michael P. Garofalo.  This document includes a detailed listing of the names or brief descriptions of the 55 movements of the Classical Taijiquan Straight Sword Form in the Yang Style of Taijiquan.  This document includes names or brief descriptions for each movement in English, Romanized Chinese (Pinyin and/or Wade Giles), Chinese characters, Spanish, French, and German.  The document includes source citations and a bibliography.  In PDF format, print only, 267Kb, 34 pages. 


Yang Taijiquan Sword Form, 55 Movements: Bibliography, Links, Media, Resources, Quotations, List of Movements.  By Michael P. Garofalo, Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California.  November 2007.  


 

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Disclaimer

Warning:  Practicing with Sword Weapons Can Be a Dangerous Activity for Adults.  Please Use Caution!

 

Michael P. Garofalo's E-mail


Valley Spirit Taijiquan

 

Red Bluff, Tehama County, North Sacramento Valley, Northern California, U.S.A.
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Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Michael P. Garofalo, 2008, All Rights Reserved.  Red Bluff, California. 

 

Additional Tags, Subjects, Search Terms:

T'ai Chi Ch'uan Taijiquan Chien Jien Jian Jen, Gim, Straight Sword
Taiji Jian, Taiji Sword, Taijijian, Chien, Jien, Sword, Jian, Jen
Straight Sword, TaiChi Knife, Blade, Rapier
Chinese Swordsmanship, Swordplay, Fencing
Tai Chi Chuan, Taijiquan, T'ai Chi Ch'uan, Tai Chi, Tai Ji Quan, Taiji, Tai Ji Chuan
Recommended Selected Reviews - Tai Chi Wushu Jian Sword Books, Videos, Videotapes, DVDs

First Published on the Internet in April, 2007.